Médecine du Sport SRBMPR/SOFMER /ESPRM
Le 16/10/2021 de 09:00 à 10:30
Barrières au développement et à l’expansion d’activité physique et sportive adaptée pour personnes en situation de handicap physique en centres et clubs sportifs
Louise Declerck (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique), Gaetan Stoquart (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique), Thierry Lejeune (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgique), Marc Vanderthommen (Liège, Belgique), Jean-François Kaux (Liège, Belgique)
Objective : Physical activity is a useful tool in rehabilitating motor deficiencies among individuals with a disability. However, there is a lack of opportunity to exercise through adaptive physical activity and sports (APAS) programmes within communities. This study aimed to identify reasons which limit the development or expansions of the APAS offer, in order to emit guiding points as how these could be overcome.
Material / Patients and Methods : A questionnaire was designed for the study. Its URL was sent to sports clubs and sports centres located in Belgium. The data was analysed descriptively.
Results : 330 sports clubs and centres participated in the survey. 80% reported that their infrastructure was accessible to individuals with a disability. 44% reported accommodating individuals with a physical disability, only 17% actually organised sporting activities for this population. Limitation towards developing APAS programs in the sports clubs and sports centres seemed to be: lack of demand from potential participants, lack of equipment and lack of trained supervisors. Limitations towards expansion of APAS were: lack of funding and lack of demand.
Discussion - Conclusion : The APAS offer remains low in sports clubs and centres. Most sports clubs and centres only cater for individuals with no disability. This is due to a number of barriers which were identified. These could be overcome by increasing communication between stakeholders within the sports community. Similarly, partnerships with rehabilitation centres and hospitals should be formed to enhance participant-recruitment. Finally, health professionals should recognise the role they play in relaying information to their patients concerning leisure-time physical activity.
Keywords : adaptive sport, physical activity, physical disability, sports clubs, sports centers